Amazing facts about Whales

They are regarded as the giants the ocean, and widely known for their royalty at sea and as the biggest creatures in the waters. Whale are unique mammals, their beauty and mechanisms, including how they feed make them truly astonishing animals. They live in some of the deepest seas in the world and use natural phenomenons to navigate and travel thousands of kilometers each year. Understanding whales is essential to know how they live, breed and what affects them, to ensure their safety and a healthy population. Whale facts help shine a light on the importance of whales and ocean ecosystem.

Whales inhabit all the oceans, however cetaceans prefer the colder waters of the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, they have adapted over millions of years to living a fully aquatic life. In fact, their closest land relative is the hippopotamus.  The Blue Whale is the biggest of the species up to 30 meters in length, and is believed to be the largest animal to ever live.  Whales are related to the dolphins as they have slimline bodies, frontal fins and a dorsal fin. Whales are classified into two groups baleen and toothed whales. Whales are able to communicate through a variety of sounds with their offspring, which makes them really unique creatures of the underworld. They also embody a complex physical design which accounts for their capability to survive in water.

Some fascinating facts about whales which you probably never knew, they:

  • breathe air, they are able to inhale oxygen through their blowhole, this air is essential for their diverse physiological and metabolic purposes.
  • do not sleep for long,  this is because they need to go back to the surface to get much needed air.
  • are very fast swimmers, Whales can swim at a speed of approximately 30 miles/hour (50kms)
  • have hair, They have thin and light hair which is not easily visible unless one is up close.
  • vary in size, some species ranging from approximately 2.6 metres to 30 metres.
  • sing, Humpback Whales especially have a distinct song that sounds like a ghostly squeal.
  • sleep half conscious, half of the brain is awake to enables the whale to support different basic functions. This sleeping mode enables them to rest while still taking care of their body functions and looking out for predators.
  • feed on mothers milk, Whales are a mammals and their calves suckle multiple times a day and grow quickly due to the protein rich milk, the mothers are very protective of their young who often travel close by their side
  • are social, curious and inquisitive, they travel in pods and social in the warm waters of Australia, in fact Humpback Whales are known to be the most surface active of all, and will often ‘spy hop’ to get a better glimpse of the whale watcher.  We often wonder who is watching who?